Blurry Vision, what are my options?

LASIK Baltimore, Maryland

Blurry, unfocused vision is one of the most common eye-related issues that we can experience, and in most instances, it is rarely anything to worry about. Often there is a simple reason for the change in your eyesight that can be resolved fairly easily and without the need for the extensive or expensive treatment. However, there are occasions when blurry vision could be indicative of something a little more serious. For this reason, it is important that you always get checked out by our professional team. Doing this will enable you to obtain an accurate diagnosis and us to arrange the necessary treatment to restore your vision.

If you have blurry vision, you may be wondering what your options are? In order to figure out where to go next, we first need to determine what is causing your blurry vision.

Causes of blurry vision and their treatments

Blurry vision is one of the leading reasons for visits to our Maryland vision care centers. Some of the main causes of blurry vision include the following:

You need prescription glasses or contact lenses

Refractive eye errors are by the far the most common cause of blurred vision. They occur when the abnormal curvature of the cornea, which is the clear lens at the front of the eye, prevents light from being refracted perfectly onto the retina. Nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism are all common refractive errors that can be corrected using prescription lenses. A simple eye exam will be able to tell us whether you are being affected by a refractive error for the first time, or if an existing prescription has changed. Either way, you will need prescription lenses to correct your vision, or you may wish to consider laser vision correction surgery.

You are being affected by presbyopia

Presbyopia is also a refractive eye condition but is a little different to the other varieties since it typically only affects patients after the age of 40 and is caused by the age-related deterioration of the elasticity of the lens of the eye. To correct presbyopia, you will also need to rely on glasses or contact lenses or to consider laser vision surgery such as LASIK.

You have conjunctivitis

If your blurred vision is accompanied by pink, itchy, sore, swollen eyes that are stuck together with pus, you may have conjunctivitis. This extremely contagious condition is caused by infection or allergies, and you will need to take great care not to pass the disease to people you come into contact with. Careful cleaning and eye drops can help to resolve the issue and enable you to see clearly again.

You are developing a cataract

A cataract is when the lens of your eye develops cloudy patches that make it seem as though you are looking through frosted glass. Cataracts can develop in just one eye, or both, although they rarely develop at the same rate. Unfortunately, any damage sustained as a result of cataracts is irreversible. The best treatment is to replace the lens with an artificial alternative through a simple surgery.

You are affected by glaucoma

Glaucoma is another fairly well-known eye condition. It develops when there is too much pressure within the eye, causing damage to the optic nerve which is responsible for transmitting the light from our retina to our brain so that it can determine what we can see. Most cases of glaucoma develop very slowly, with the peripheral vision being affected first. There are several different treatments for glaucoma, and these range from medications and topical drops to reduce pressure within the eye, to surgery. Our team will be able to recommend the most suitable solution for you.

You have diabetes-related complications

Many people think that diabetes can have no bearing on their eyesight. Unfortunately, this isn’t the case. Persistently high blood sugar levels can cause the lens of the eye to swell and affect the blood vessels at the back of the eyes. Both of these can affect your vision, and in the case of damaged blood vessels, you could be at risk of permanent sight loss. This is known as diabetic retinopathy. Fortunately, controlling your blood sugar can keep the problem under control, and there are also other treatments which can help. Regular eye exams are recommended for all patients with diabetes to help keep diabetic retinopathy at bay.

You are affected by macular degeneration

Macular degeneration is particularly common in patients over the age of 60 and is characterized by age-related deterioration of the macula – an area near the middle of the retina. The healthier and more active you are, the less likely you are to develop macular degeneration. However, there are treatments including photodynamic therapy (PDT) and injections of medication, that have been proven to be effective in controlling macular degeneration and preventing it from worsening.

If you are experiencing blurred vision, don’t delay in seeking professional assistance from our experienced, knowledgeable and reassuring team today.